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Accession number 1996.024
Catalog Number 1996.024
Collection Pearce Civil War Collection
Object Name Manuscript
Title Badeau (Adam) Papers, undated
Creator Badeau (Adam)
Date undated
Dates of Creation undated
Scope & Content While not a first hand account, this nevertheless is a lengthy and detailed account of the Battle of Chancellorsville (May 2-4, 1863). The account includes the various military maneuvers and conflicts which comprised that battle, but it is more than a military history. Badeau writes "...and in war maneuvering is of as much consequence as fighting. Armies are more often beaten by cunning skill than crushed by overwhelming force; and what in ordinary life is considered dishonorable in war becomes the aim and object of the greatest generals. To deceive in order to destroy is the especial purpose of war:- This is strategy." He also considers at length the importance of roads as he writes, "Battles therefore are almost always fought to gain or keep possession of the roads, and the place where several roads meet is sure to be the scene of the heaviest struggle."
Badeau graphically describes Chancellorsville not as a town but "a single house which had been a tavern... at the centre of a wild a dismal forest" and "The whole barren region was given over to the natural inhabitants of the forest - the wild deer, the poisonous snake, the night-owl and the whippoorwill. Yet here was the spot where mighty armies were destined to perform their elaborate movements in one of the most murderous contests that this world has ever seen."
The account gives details of Jackson's wounding by his own troops on the night of May 2 and of Lee's reaction when told of Jackson's injury. Badeau relates the often repeated response of Lee, "Jackson has lost his left arm, but I have lost my right arm."
In concluding, Badeau reports the elation of the Confederate troops at the news that Hooker's army had recrossed the Rappahannock, leaving the battlefield; but he also writes that Lee and the Southern army had "sustained an irreparable disaster. They had lost Stonewall Jackson..."
Finding Aids Available in the archives or online at www.pearcecollectons.us
People Badeau, Adam (author)
Jackson, Thomas J. "Stonewall"
Lee, Robert E.
Hooker, Joseph
Sedgwick, General
Stuart, J.E.B., General
Sickles, General
Howard, Oliver O., General
Pleasanton, General
Pender, General
Hill, A.P.
Slocum, General\
Major Keenan
Capt. Arrowsmith
Lt. Carpenter
Search Terms Military Strategy
Surgery
Wounds and injuries
Care of clothing or uniform
Games
Bayonet
Cannon
Musket
Sabre
Loyalty and patriotism
Moral principals
Subjects Battle of Chancellorsville
Richmond, VA
Washington, DC
Fredericksburg, VA
Chancellorsville, VA
Hazel Grove, VA
Army of the Potomac
8th Pennsylvania
Rappahannock River
Credit line Pearce Civil War Collection
Copyrights The copyright of these materials is managed by the Navarro College Archives on behalf of the Navarro College Foundation, 3100 W. Collin St., Corsicana, Texas 75110 Phone: 903-875-7438. Internet: archives@navarrocollege.edu.

Reproductions of original materials and transcriptions may be available. Please contact the archivist for further information.
Physical characteristics English