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Accession number 1995.009
Catalog Number 1995.009
Collection Pearce Civil War Collection
Object Name Letter
Title Grant (Ulysses S.) Papers, 1863-1866
Creator Grant (Ulysses S.)
Date December 26, 1864
Dates of Creation December 26, 1864
Scope & Content Six letters (1861-1865) and one photograph (1866) document the Civil War military career of Ulysses S. Grant. The first letter (August 22, 1861; 4 pages) is addressed to "Capt. Speed Butler, Headquarters, Jefferson City, Mo." Grant writes of the deplorable state of the army and the chaotic environment in Missouri. Grant's concerns involve clothing equipment, ammunition and troop rations. He writes, ". . . and a general looseness prevails." And later, "From reports received here the whole of this country is in a state of ferment." Early reports such as this explain Grant's meteoric rise to Brigadier General.
The second letter (April 3, 1863; 2 pages) was written during the campaign for Union control of Vicksburg, Mississippi. In his letter Grant accepts General Stephen Hurlburt's offer to transfer all of his cavalry to the south in support of the campaign.
The third letter (May 5, 1863; 1 page), also written during the Vicksburg campaign, was directed to Captain Randolph K. Breese, then in command of the flag-ship Black Hawk, a 902-ton "tinclad" steamer assigned to the Mississippi Squadron of Ironclads during the Siege of Vicksburg. Grant asks Breese to "send one of the Iron Clads to drive [the enemy] out" of Greenville.
The fourth letter (May 6, 1864) is a letter to General Burnside written during the Battle of the Wilderness acknowledging the change in circumstance and advising Burnside to advance as planned, but with caution. This letter illustrates Grant's well-known willingness to modify battle plans in the face of rapidly changing circumstances.
The fifth letter (December 26, 1864; 3 pages) written to "Jones" (probably Grant's old friend J. Russell Jones) notes: "The whole tone of the South seems to be more desponding now than at any previous time during the War." Heretofore when they have met disaster they had the material still left back to recruit their Armies. Now the loss of a thousand men cannot be replaced unless they resort to the darkey. Him they are afraid of and will not use him unless as a last desperate resort."
The sixth letter (March 3, 1865; 1 page) is addressed to Major General Henry Wager Halleck, Chief of Staff, informing him of the assistance being given to General William Tecumseh Sherman by General John M. Schofield in Carolina. This last letter refers to the military maneuvers being made by troops under Schofield who, based at New Bern, North Carolina, were poised with the XXIII Corps to assist Sherman.
The framed photograph (1866; 1 item) is a full-faced formal portrait of Grant, who was dressed in his military uniform with his hand inserted in his partially unbuttoned vest, taken by photographer F. Gutekunst. Grant signed the mat, which is also imprinted "Lt. Gen. U.S. GRANT. (Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, by F. Gutekunst, 712 Arch Street, Philadelphia."
Finding Aids Available in the archives or online at www.pearcecollections.us
People Grant, Ulysses S.
Search Terms Effects of war
Photographic Materials
Credit line Pearce Civil War Collection
Copyrights The copyright of these materials is managed by the Navarro College Archives on behalf of the Navarro College Foundation, 3100 W. Collin St., Corsicana, Texas 75110 Phone: 903-875-7438. Internet: archives@navarrocollege.edu.

Reproductions of original materials and transcriptions may be available. Please contact the archivist for further information.
Physical characteristics 1 item